Laravel User Authentication with Ajax Validation

This post documents how to add Ajax form validation to Laravel User Authentication that is generated by the Artisan console.


An instance of Laravel 5.2 setup for local development is required. Head over to the Laravel 5.2 docs to get setup as needed. For my setup on Windows 10, I am using XAMPP 5.6.12 which meets all of the requirements. Note that your document root will need to be the laravel/public directory. Here is the virtual hosts configuration I am using for Laravel.

<VirtualHost *:8080>
    DocumentRoot "C:/xampp/htdocs/laravel/public"
    SetEnv APPLICATION_ENV development
    <Directory "C:/xampp/htdocs/laravel">
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

More info on setting up XAMPP for Windows

New Laravel Site

Using Composer, install Laravel 5.2 into htdocs/laravel

cd c:/xampp/htdocs

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel "5.2.*"
Generate Authentication Scaffolding
cd laravel

php artisan make:auth

Now the Laravel site has routes and views to allow a user to register, login, logout, and reset their password. A HomeController has also been added to allow authenticated users to enter its view.

User Model

I prefer to organize models within their own directory. Therfore, let’s create a folder named Models in the app directory and move the User model into it.

mkdir app/Models

mv app/User.php app/Models

Edit app/Models/User.php, update the App namespace to App\Models.


namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;

class User extends Authenticatable

  • Throughout this tutorial you will encounter an ellipsis … in the code examples. These are not a part of the code and are there only to denote code that is being skipped and not applicable to the example. To view the entire file, examine the source code.

Edit app/Http/Controllers/Auth/AuthController.php, update use App\User to use App\Models\User.


namespace App\Http\Controllers\Auth;

use App\Models\User;
use Validator;
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\ThrottlesLogins;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\AuthenticatesAndRegistersUsers;

class AuthController extends Controller

Edit, config/auth.php, update the authentication drivers user provider.

'users' => [
    'driver' => 'eloquent',
    'model' => App\User::class,
'model' => App\User::class,
'model' => App\Models\User::class,


Edit the .env configuration file to access the database. I have already created a database named laravel on the MySQL Server that is part of XAMPP.


The settings above are the only ones I needed to update for my setup, I do not have a password set for MySQL Server and will just use the root account for local development. Now run php artisan migrate to create the tables for users.

Run Migration
php artisan migrate
Migration table created successfully.
Migrated: 2014_10_12_000000_create_users_table
Migrated: 2014_10_12_100000_create_password_resets_table

Validation Rules

The validation rules are currently located in the AuthController, I would like to be able to share them with the new controller we will create later for ajax validation. Since these rules apply to the User, and that model is already being used by the AuthController, it seeems to be the best place for them.

Edit app/Models/User.php, adding the public function rules() to the class.


namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;

class User extends Authenticatable
     * Get the validation rules that apply to the user.
     * @return array
    public function rules()
        return [
            'name' => 'required|max:255',
            'email' => 'required|email|max:255|unique:users',
            'password' => 'required|min:6|confirmed',


Edit app/Http/Controllers/Auth/AuthController.php. Locate the validator function and replace the array of rules being passed to the Validator make method with a call to the newly created rules method in our User model.

return Validator::make($data, [
    'name' => 'required|max:255',
    'email' => 'required|email|max:255|unique:users',
    'password' => 'required|min:6|confirmed',
return Validator::make($data, (new User)->rules());

Before going further, now would be a good time to test registering a new user, login, logout etc.. to make sure everyting works. All we have done so far aside from the code that artisan generated is move the User model and move the validation rules from the AuthController into it.

The next page covers using the api middleware in routes, creating the Validation\UserController for handling the XHR request and finally updating the templates and adding the JavaScript for Ajax.

Published by

Jim Frenette

Web Developer - views here are my own except those taken from people more clever than me.

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