OPERATING SYSTEM: Linux Mint 13 Maya
For Drupal development, since I already have a Linux Mint system setup, I decide to focus on it rather than the Windows 8 Acquia Drupal setup I blogged about a few days ago.
Apache, MySQL & PHP
Install all of these applications with a single command. Thanks to Unix System Engineer, Nitin Sookun for posting this on the Linux Mint Community website.
Since you will need root permissions when performing write operations outisde of your home directory, the commands shown below presume that you are logged in as root or are in a root instance of the terminal. If you are not in a root terminal, you can prepend the commands with ‘sudo’, for example listing the contents of the current directory:
In a root terminal (such as ‘Konsole as root’).
apt-get install lamp-server
If you get this error message (as I did during a Mint Xfce LAMP install)
E: Unable to locate package lamp-server
Then you will need a carat at the end:
apt-get install lamp-server^
Then install phpMyAdmin
apt-get install phpmyadmin
Restart Apache and try loading http://localhost/phpmyadmin.
If phpMyAdmin doesn’t load, try adding an Include to your Apache config with a text editor (such as ‘Kate’). In your terminal, open a new bash shell tab, and launch the editor (gedit, kate, etc.)
In the apache configuration file, near the bottom, look for the location of other Include statements and insert this phpmyadmin include as needed.
If you need to set or change the mySQL root password, use this command syntax when the password has not been set.
$ mysqladmin -u root password NEWPASSWORD
Use this command syntax to change the root password.
$ mysqladmin -u root -p'OLDPASSWORD' password 'NEWPASSWORD'
Download the latest stable Drupal core distro from http://drupal.org/download. Extract the downloaded file, for example, drupal-7.19.tar.gz to the host root, /var/www. Then with the mv command, rename the drupal-7.19 directory extracted into www to drupal7
tar -xf drupal-7.19.tar.gz -C /var/www mv /var/www/drupal-7.19 /var/www/drupal7
Copy the default.settings.php to settings.php. Then apply write permissions to both the dafault directory and the settings.php file so Drupal can modify settings.php as needed during the install.
cd /var/www/drupal7/sites cp default/default.settings.php default/settings.php chmod a+w default chmod a+w default/settings.php
Note, after Drupal is installed, reset settings.php file permissions to read only using a-w
Setting up some Virtual Hosts in our Apache config. In terminal, open the apache cofig file for editing (gedit, kate, etc.)
Below the Files node, add this code block.
NameVirtualHost *:80 ServerName default DocumentRoot /var/www/ ServerName drupal7 DocumentRoot /var/www/drupal7 ServerName drupal8 DocumentRoot /var/www/drupal8
Restart Apache to load our config changes
Add the two named virtual hosts to the hosts file
127.0.1.7 drupal7 127.0.1.8 drupal8
Restart apache …
Now you can access the new Drupal website at http://drupal7