ADOBE EXPERIENCE MANAGER (AEM)

AEM JavaScript Use-API

Tips and resources for using AEM’s Sightly / HTL JavaScript Use-API for writing server-side JavaScript. The AEM JavaScript Use-API ResourceUtils page contains examples for using ResourceUtils and functions.

part II - AEM JavaScript Use-API ResourceUtils

About

AEM uses Rhino to compile server-side JavaScript into Java. All of the regular Java libraries are available by using the class path in the server-side JavaScript. Since the server-side JavaScript is slower than using Java, it’s best to use when the components will be cached in the dispatcher.

Example

Navigate to the equipment page in author mode, e.g., /editor.html/content/we-retail/us/en/equipment.html. Scroll down to the Featured Products panel. Notice the descriptions below the product names are all lowercase. e.g., footwear, helmet, shirt …

Let’s create a server-side JavaScript file to title case these descriptions.

In crx/de, e.g., http://localhost:4502/crx/de, expand /apps/weretail/components/content/productgrid.

Right-click item and select Create > Create File

Name the file item.js and add the following JavaScript Use-API code:

"use strict";

use( function() {

  var data = {};

  /**
   * this.item is the item data
   * passed from the HTL template
   */
  data.description = toTitleCase(this.item.description);

  function toTitleCase(str) {
    var _str = new String(str);
    return _str.replace(/(^|\s)[a-z]/g, function(chr){ return chr.toUpperCase() });
  }

  return data;

});

Edit /apps/weretail/components/content/productgrid/item/item.html adding a sly element to use the server-side JavaScript file and pass it the item data. e.g.,

After

<li class="foundation-list-item"
    data-sly-use.item="we.retail.core.model.ProductGridItem"
    data-sly-test="${item.exists}">

Add

    <sly data-sly-use.product="${'item.js' @ item=item}" />

Replace

${item.description}

With

${product.description}

Reload the /editor.html/content/we-retail/us/en/equipment.html page in author mode and the descriptions should now be title cased.

AEM Sample We Retail | Product Grid with item descriptions title cased

Component Properties

To access the properties of a component, refer to the following examples.

Using POJO

var title = granite.resource.properties["jcr:title"];

Using the properties JcrPropertyMap

var title = properties.get("jcr:title");

Java Classes

Java classes can be accessed directly with the classpath. e.g.,

var beer = "lager";
var wine = "pinot grigio";
 
var difference = org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils.difference(beer, wine);

Type Casting

Using native JavaScript methods, e.g., toLowerCase() on objects that do not originate within the script need to be cast. For example, cast the java.lang.String to new String(); e.g.,

var name = new String(this.data.name);

Debugging / Logging

Debugging is essential to development, especially when trying to learn what JavaScript patterns, variables, etc. can be utilized within the Use-API. Unfortunately, debugging with breakpoints, etc. is not supported and we’re relegated to using logs and output strings.

Custom Log File

Navigate to the Web Console and select Sling: Log Support. e.g., http://localhost:4502/system/console/slinglog

  1. Select Add new Logger,

  2. Select DEBUG for the log level, e.g., Log Level: DEBUG;

  3. Enter a log file path, e.g., Log File: logs/debug.log

  4. Enter a path for the Logger, e.g., apps

  5. Select the Save button

Adobe Experience Manager Web Console Log Support | Add new Logger

Create a server-side JavaScript file to test the logger.

In crx/de, e.g., http://localhost:4502/crx/de

expand apps/weretail/components/structure right-click page and select Create > Create File

name the file, e.g., example.js and add the following Use-API code:

"use strict";

use( function() {

  log.debug('### TESTING');  

});

Edit /apps/weretail/components/structure/page/body.html and add a sly element to use the server-side JavaScript file. e.g.,

<div class="container">
...

    <sly data-sly-use.test="${'example.js'}"></sly>
</div>    

Load the URL to test the file, for example, http://localhost:4502/content/we-retail/us/en.html

Read the log file

This example shows how to tail the log in a terminal session. Use tail to monitor log files in real time. The -n300 argument show the last 300 lines. The default is only 10 lines.

cd /opt/aem/author/crx-quickstart/logs

tail -n300 -f debug.log

Use the tail command with the -f argument to follow the content of a file. Use the -F argument to follow the creation of a new log.

This example shows how to return only log entries for a specific Use-API class.

tail -f debug.log | grep {Use Class name}

If you want to use the a web browser to view the log file, open the Log Tail endpoint to read the last 1000 lines of the custom log file, for example:

http://localhost:4502/system/console/slinglog/tailer.txt?tail=1000&name=%2Flogs%2Fdebug.log

Resources

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